Cochin is a cosmopolitan city in Kerala with a bustling commercial port. Kochi is the financial capital of Kerala and, with a population of more than 2 million, the biggest urban agglomeration in the state. It is one of the major tourist destinations in India. Also known as Cochin is a major port city on the south west coast of India by the Laccadive Sea. Kochi is often called Ernakulam, which refers to the mainland part of the city. Known as the Queen of the Arabian Sea, Kochi was an important spice trading centre on the west coast of India from the 14th century.
History: Kochi was the centre of Indian spice trade for many centuries, and was known to the Yavanas (Greeks and Romans) as well as Jews, Syrians, Arabs, and Chinese since ancient times. The city’s economic growth gathered momentum after economic reforms in India introduced by the central government in the early-1990s. Since 2000, the service sector has energized the city’s economy. The establishment of several industrial parks based on IT and other port based infrastructure triggered a construction and realty boom in the city. Over the years, Kochi has witnessed rapid commercialisation, and has today grown into the commercial hub of Kerala.
Climate: Cochin features a tropical monsoon climate. Kochi’s proximity to the equator along with its coastal location results in little seasonal temperature variation, with moderate to high levels of humidity. Annual temperatures range between 23 and 31 °C. From June to September, the south-west monsoon brings in heavy rains as Kochi lies on the windward side of the Western Ghats. From October to December, Kochi receives lighter (yet significant) rain from the northeast monsoon, as it lies on the leeward side.
Air: The air gateway to Kochi is the Cochin International Airport (CIAL) located at Nedumbassery, which is about 28 km north of Kochi city, and handles both domestic and international flights.
Road: Kochi is well connected to neighbouring cities and states via several highways. It is a node in the North-South Corridor of the National Highway system.
Lifestyle: The majority of Kochi residents are Malayalis. There are, however, many ethnic minority groups also like Tamils, Guajarati’s, Jews, Sikkimese, Anglo-Indians, Konkanis, and Tulus. The people of Cochin are very much inclined towards preserving and furthering their regional art and culture. Cuisine is generally characterised by an abundance of coconut and spices. Other South Indian cuisines and Chinese cuisine are popular. North Indian and Continental cuisines are becoming increasingly popular.