Goa is a state located in western region of India. it is bounded by the state of Maharashtra to the north, and by Karnataka to the east and south, while the Arabian Sea forms its western coast. It is India’s smallest state by area and the fourth smallest by population. Panaji is the state’s capital, while Vasco da Gama is the largest city. Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture. It also has rich flora and fauna, owing to its location which is classified as a biodiversity hotspot.
History: Goa’s history goes back 20,000–30,000 years. The rock art engravings exhibit the earliest traces of human life in India. Early Goan society underwent radical changes when Indo-Aryan and Dravidian migrants amalgamated with the aboriginal locals, forming the base of early Goan culture. In 1510, the Portuguese defeated the ruling Bijapur Sultan Yousuf with the help of a local ally. They set up a permanent settlement in Velha Goa (or Old Goa). This was the beginning of Portuguese rule in Goa that would last for four and a half centuries, until 1961. On 19 December 1961, the Indian Army began military operations with Operation Vijay resulting in the annexation of Goa, Daman, and Diuinto the Indian union. Goa, along with Daman and Diu, was organized as a centrally administered union territory of India. On 30 May 1987, the union territory was split, and Goa was made India’s twenty-fifth state, with Daman and Diu remaining a union territory.
Climate: Goa, being in the tropical zone and near the Arabian Sea, has a hot and humid climate for most of the year. The month of May is the hottest, seeing day temperatures of over 35 °C coupled with high humidity. The monsoon rains arrive by early June and provide a much needed respite from the heat. Goa has a short winter season between mid-December and February. These months are marked by nights of around 21 °C and days of around 28 °C with moderate amounts of humidity.
Air: Goa International Airport is located at Dabolim, near Vasco De Gama & has caters to both domestic & international flights.
Road: Roads in Goa are well connected & has four National Highways passing through it. Goa’s transport consists of privately operated coaches/cars linking the major towns to rural areas.
Lifestyle: The people of Goa prefer to call themselves as Goan and use Konkani as their main dialect. People here are warm, friendly, large hearted & extremely happy with their cultures & tradition. They have an amazing degree of tolerance towards other religion. They believe in being secular and people can follow the choice of religion they want to. People here mainly survive on fishing. Goan cuisine is famous for its rich variety of fish dishes cooked with elaborate recipes. Rice with fish curry is the staple diet in Goa. Coconut and coconut oil are widely used in Goan cooking along with chilli peppers, spices, and vinegar is used in the Catholic cuisine, giving the food a unique flavour.