Jaisalmer also known as “The Golden City” is a city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The town stands on a ridge of yellowish sandstone, crowned by a fort, which contains the palace and several ornate Jain temples. Many of the houses and temples are finely sculptured. It lies in the heart of the Thar Deser (the Great Indian Desert) and has a population of about 78,000.
History: Jaisalmer is named after Maharawal Jaisal Singh, the king who founded the city in 1156 AD. “Jaisalmer” means “the Hill Fort of Jaisal”. It is also known as the “Golden City of India” because the yellow sand and the yellow sandstone used in every architecture of the city gives a yellowish-golden tinge to the city and its surrounding area. Jaisalmer is a paragon of beautiful culture and harsh climatic conditions; these together leave a lasting impression on the visitor.
Climate: Summer season persists from April to August. Daytime temperature remains very high around 42 degrees Celsius, nights are relatively cooler & temperature comes down around 25 degree Celsius. The winter falls around mid November & continues till February with day temperature around 24 degree & night are chilly with temperature getting as low as 7 to 8 degree Celsius. Monsoon is as good as negligible because the city is situated amid Thar Desert.
Air: Jaisalmer is located 300 km from Jodhpur airport.
Road: Roads are well connected in Jaisalmer & many private companies operate coaches & cars from Jaisalmer to Jodhpur, Jaipur, Bikaner & Ahmedabad.
Lifestyle: Traditional lifestyle of Jaisalmer cannot be rooted out of their systems as majority of people still live in rural areas. People living in villages follow the customary lifestyle with men going out to work & women taking care of household. Their attire too remains traditional including Ghagra-Choli (skirt & blouse) for women & Pagdis (turban) for men. Food here is highly influenced by North-Indian dishes. Dishes are usually dry & very rich. There are some popular restaurants that serve various varieties of food to the tourist who visit the magical land of Jaisalmer.